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2 edition of Three-dimensional ray tracing to model internal reflections in off-axis lens antennas. found in the catalog.

Three-dimensional ray tracing to model internal reflections in off-axis lens antennas.

Andrew P. Pavacic

Three-dimensional ray tracing to model internal reflections in off-axis lens antennas.

by Andrew P. Pavacic

  • 150 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published in 2007 .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementby Andrew P. Pavacic.
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 167 leaves :
Number of Pages167
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19310788M

The Viewing Model • Based on a simple Simplest lens model Note that the distance/size of image are arbitrary. Basic Ray Tracing Algorithm for every pixel { cast a ray from the eye for every object in the scene find intersections with the ray keep it if closest } compute color at the intersection point}. • Ray angles are positive if the ray direction is obtained by rotating the +z axis counterclockwise through an acute angle positive direction (after reflection) positive ray elevation positive ray angle positive ray angle positive direction (before positive reflection) curvature MIT / 02/25/09 wk4-b- 7 7.

An example of using Snell's law: critical angle and total internal reflection. Snell's law includes the concept of a critical angle $ \theta_c $ for the incident light ray. As the angle of the incident ray approaches $ \theta_c $, the angle $ \theta_t $ approaches 90 o. Beyond $ \theta_c $, total internal reflection takes place. In this regime. Ray tracing With Reflection N 1 primary ray L 1 L 2 N 2 R 2 R 1 secondary ray. Raytracing With Reflection Color shade(ray, recursionDepth) {c = background color; – θ is always the larger of the internal and external angles relative to the normal (e.g. always the angle in air) Schlick’s Size: 4MB.

Chapter 8: A Ray-Tracing Analysis of Holography. Introduction. Mathematical Ray-Tracing. Numerical Example. Comparison of Paraxial Hologram and Lens Optics. Three-Dimensional Ray-Tracing. Conclusions Chapter 9: Holographic Lenses and In-Line ‘Gabor’ Holography. Introduction. Transition to Wavefront Curvature. Phase Footprints, Again. Reflections and Refractions in Ray Tracing Bram de Greve ([email protected]) 10th October When you’re writing a ray tracer, soon or late you’ll stumble on the problem of re-flection and refraction. When you want to visualize mirror-like objects, you need to reflect our viewing ray. To simulate a lens, you need Size: 62KB.


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Three-dimensional ray tracing to model internal reflections in off-axis lens antennas by Andrew P. Pavacic Download PDF EPUB FB2

A three-dimensional ray tracing technique for internally reflected rays is developed and applied to compute the radiation pattern of an integrated lens antenna architecture with a twin arc-slot.

Three-Dimensional Ray-Tracing to Model Internal Reflections in Off-Axis Lens Antennas Pavacic, A. Abstract. Publication: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. Pub Date: February DOI: /TAP Bibcode: ITAP P full text by: Three-dimensional ray-tracing to model internal reflections in off-axis lens antennas By A.

Pavacic, D. Llorens del Rio, J. Mosig and G. Eleftheriades Year: “ Three-dimensional ray-tracing to model internal re fl ections in off- axis lens antennas, ” IEEE Tr ans. Antennas Pr opag., v ol. 54, no. 2, pp. –Feb. Pavacic AP, Del Rio DL, Mosig JR et al () Three-dimensional ray-tracing to model internal reflections in off-axis lens antennas.

IEEE Trans Antennas Propag – CrossRef Google Scholar Peterson AF, Ray SL, Mittra R () Computational methods of electromagnetics. Andrew P. Pavacic, Daniel Llorens del Río, Juan R.

Mosig, and George V. Eleftheriades, “Three-dimensional ray-tracing to model internal reflections in off-axis lens antennas,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 54 (2), – (). Article; Google ScholarCited by: 1.

The aim of this work is to present, in detail, a semianalytical model to design a new class of shaped dielectric lens antennas whose geometry is described by Gielis’ superformula [14, 15].

The developed mathematical model is based on the tube tracing approximation. The electromagnetic field inside the lens is evaluated by using the GO approximation and considering the effect of the internal by: Integrated lens antennas (ILAs) were originally introd uced in the late ’ s for high- resolution imaging and sensing applications to compensate the low directivity and low radiation.

A novel class of supershaped dielectric lens antennas, whose geometry is described by the three-dimensional (3D) Gielis’ formula, is introduced and analysed. The other advantage of ray-tracing is that, by extending the idea of ray propagation, we can very easily simulate effects like reflection and refraction, both of which are handy in simulating glass materials or mirror a paper entitled "An Improved Illumination Model for Shaded Display", Turner Whitted was the first to describe how to extend Appel's ray-tracing algorithm for.

Dielectric lens antennas are attracting a renewed interest for millimeter- and submillimeter-wave applications where they become compact, especially for configurations with integrated feeds. A novel class of supershaped dielectric lens antennas, whose geometry is described by the three-dimensional (3D) Gielis’ formula, is introduced and analysed.

To this end, a hybrid modelling approach based on geometrical and physical optics is adopted in order to efficiently analyse the multiple wave reflections occurring within the lens and to evaluate the relevant impact on the radiation Cited by:   Ray tracing diagram for a converging lens, with the object beyond twice the focal length.

(yes, the light actually bends at both surfaces, not the middle of the lens) This video was made with a. Refraction of Ray in Triangle Producing Total Internal Reflection - Duration: Greg Image Formed by Converging Lens, Ray Tracing and Calculation of Position and Image Height.

The paper investigates the optimisation of rotationally-symmetric shaped dielectric substrate lenses at millimetre wave frequencies. The aim is to determine the best lens profile that complies with an arbitrary desired far-field power template.

The design procedure is briefly described in three main steps. First, determination of the starting lens shape using an analytical geometrical optics Cited by: 6. - Ray Diagrams - Lenses In this video Paul Andersen explains how ray diagrams for lenses can be used to determine the size and location of a.

A Lecture - 02 3 Ray Tracing 5 A - Lec 02 Suppl Thick lens: Properties Consider a paraxial ray, A which is effectively bent at the 2 nd principal plane.

A ray B traveling at the same height traveling from the right is effectively bent at R. Thus for paraxial rays R and Q are images of one another.

A traced ray can be considered to jump across the “hiatus” regionFile Size: KB. A broadband gradient index (GRIN) metamaterial lens for gain enhancement of circularly polarized antennas has been automatically designed, fabricated and investigated. The GRIN metamaterial lens consists of an isotropic dielectric plate with a corresponding distribution of deep-subwavelength drill holes each with the same diameter.

Reflections and Refractions in Ray Tracing Bram de Greve ([email protected]) Novem Abstract When writing a ray tracer, sooner or later you’ll stumble on the problem of reflection and transmission. To visualize mirror-like objects, you need to reflect your viewing rays.

To simulate a lens, you need refraction. While most File Size: KB. For his intro physics class studying geometric optics, Prof. Jensen demonstrates how to do another ray tracing problem with a converging lens and an object closer to the lens. Antenna Theory - Lens - The antennas, which we have discussed till now, used the plane surface.

The lens antennas use the curved surface for both transmission and reception. The ray diagram represents the focal point and focal length from the source to the lens. The parallel rays obtained are also called as collimated rays. The image of.1.

Place object to the left of an optical system and trace rays from left to right. 2. A ray parallel to the optical axis will be reflected through the focus of the lens (red line). 3. A ray through the focus will be reflected parallel to the optical axis (blue line).

Size: KB.The Two-Rays Ground Reflected Model is a radio propagation model which predicts the path losses between a transmitting antenna and a receiving antenna when they are in LOS (line of sight). Generally, the two antenna each have different height. The received signal having two components, the LOS component and the multipath component formed predominantly by a single ground reflected wave.